The Holy Rosary as we know it has its origin in the Dominican Order. Read the history of the Blessed Virgin Mary giving the Rosary to St. Dominic here. Read more about Prouilhe, France, the location where Our Lady gave the rosary to St. Dominic here.
“That the Queen of Heaven herself has granted a great efficacy to this devotion is demonstrated by the fact that it was, by her command and counsel, instituted and propagated by the illustrious St. Dominic, in times particularly dangerous for the Catholic cause.” – Pope Leo XIII, Octobri Mense
The Dominican Order prays the rosary in the form given below:
The Dominican Manner of Praying the Holy Rosary
Make the Sign of the Cross
V: Hail Mary full of grace the Lord is with thee.
R: Blessed art thou among women and blessed is the fruit of thy womb, Jesus.
V: O Lord, open my lips.
R: And my mouth shall declare Your praise.
V: O God, come to my assistance.
R: O Lord, make haste to help me.
Glory be to the Father and to the Son and to the Holy Spirit as it was in the beginning is now and ever shall be world without end. Amen.
Announce the First Mystery; then recite the “Our Father.”
V. Our Father, who are in heaven, hallowed be Thy name, Thy kingdom come, Thy will be done, on earth as it is in heaven.
R. Give us this day our daily bread, and forgive us our trespasses, as we forgive those who trespass against us, and lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil. Amen
Then recite ten “Hail Marys,” while meditating on the Mystery.
V: Hail Mary, full of grace, the Lord is with you, Blessed are you among women, and Blessed is the fruit of your womb, Jesus.
R. Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray for us sinners, now and at the hour of our death. Amen.
After the tenth Hail Mary, recite again, “Glory be to the Father….”
Then recite the following prayer requested by the Blessed Virgin Mary at Fatima (1917):
“O my Jesus, forgive us our sins, save us from the fires of hell, lead all souls to Heaven, especially those who have most need of your mercy.”
Next, announce the Second Mystery and continue in the same way above (one Our Father followed by ten Hail Mary’s, the Glory Be, and the Fatima prayer).
Finish the Third, Fourth, and Fifth Mysteries in the same way.
After concluding the Fifth Mystery, conclude the rosary with the following prayers:
HAIL, HOLY QUEEN, Mother of Mercy, our life, our sweetness and our hope! To thee do we cry, poor banished children of Eve; to thee do we send up our sighs, mourning and weeping in this valley of tears. Turn then, most gracious advocate, thine eyes of mercy toward us, and after this our exile, show unto us the blessed fruit of thy womb, Jesus. O clement, O loving, O sweet Virgin Mary!
V. Pray for us, O Holy Mother of God.
R. That we may be made worthy of the promises of Christ.
Let us pray. O God, whose only begotten Son, by His life, death, and resurrection, has purchased for us the rewards of eternal life, grant, we beseech Thee, that meditating upon these mysteries of the Most Holy Rosary of the Blessed Virgin Mary, we may imitate what they contain and obtain what they promise, through the same Christ Our Lord. Amen.
A complete rosary is all three Mysteries, or 150 Hail Marys – one for each number of the Psalms.
THE ROSARY MYSTERIES
The Finding of Jesus in the Temple
The Agony in the Garden
The Scourging at the Pillar of Jesus
The Crowning of Thorns
The Carrying of the Cross
The Descent of the Holy Spirit
The Coronation of the Blessed Virgin Mary